Basic instincts govern felines, so your house cat may go missing for hours or even days at a time. Usually, a cat wandering off is due to curiosity, hunting, or territorial instincts. Cats like to explore their terrain, which could keep them away from home for a while.
Cats go missing if they have lost track of their surroundings while hunting or exploring, and finding their way home took time. Your cat could have sought shelter in a neighbor’s garage or shed and got locked inside. Perhaps your cat has another home where it receives attention, food, and shelter. If a cat is unwell, it may seek peace and solitude for days. A cat in heat may also wander off in pursuit of a mate.
If you haven’t seen your cat in days, ask your neighbors to check their homes, garages, and yards. Your cat is most likely to return of its own accord and act as though it was never away.
Why Do Cats Go Missing for Days at a Time?
Cats go missing from their homes when they’re:
- In heat
- Able to locate a food source
Most of the time, cats roam because it’s their basic instinct. However, there are more concerning explanations:
Is My Cat Lost?
Cats are often lauded as having amazing homing instincts. It can be difficult to find up-to-date scientific evidence, aside from in The Scientific Monthly in 1922 and Ethology in 1954. What we do know is that cats:
- Have an excellent sense of smell
- Can memorize familiar routes that they consider important
This suggests that a cat will always find its way home if it’s within a reasonable distance. A cat will memorize its route while wandering. It can also follow its nose to locate familiar scents.
If a cat is startled or frightened, it may bolt. It may follow prey into unfamiliar territory and lose its bearings. This is how cats get lost. Eventually, a cat will find an anchoring sight or scent and follow it home.
Is My Cat Being Fed Elsewhere?
Cats will always remember a reliable source of food. If a neighbor is feeding your cat, it may be reluctant to venture too far.
It can be frustrating to find somebody else is feeding your cat. If you learn who is doing so, you can politely deter the behavior. If your cat is microchipped, then it is considered your property by law.
Is My Cat Trapped Somewhere?
A wandering cat will seek shelter from the rain, snow, harsh winds, or low temperatures during the winter months. Cats often shelter in nearby garages and sheds, as well as climbing beneath and inside vehicles.
If your cat has not been seen for several days, ask your neighbors. The cat may have fallen asleep and been locked in a garage, car, or shed.
Cats seek warmth from the engines of cars. Tap the bumper before starting your car, and encourage neighbors to do the same. Your cat may be dozing inside in the hood or on top of one of the wheels.
Does My Cat Need Alone Time?
Cats can grow overstimulated. A cat must always have its own territory within the home. Ideally, this will be an otherwise empty room. Cats frequently need time alone. You may find your cat hiding in the dark.
If your home fails to provide a place of solitude, your cat will seek it elsewhere. A cat will not return home until it considers itself ready. Overstimulation for cats usually arises from an excess of:
- Strong scents
Noise is the main reason for a cat seeking time alone. Noise causes anxiety, which is detrimental to a cat’s health. As Peripheral Auditory Mechanisms explains, excess noise can even be harmful to a cat’s hearing.
Always provide your cat with an escape route. Ensure that it has somewhere to go where it can be left alone, especially if you have children. An overstimulated cat is more likely to avoid your home.
Is My Cat in Heat?
Cats in heat will wander until they find a mate. Your cat will cry and wail until she is let out. If this is the case, consider spaying. Cats enter estrus several times per year. Aside from begging to be let outside, a cat in estrus will display the following behaviors:
- Increased affection
- Spraying urine and other increased territoriality
- Rolling on the ground
- Raising hind legs and bottom
Once a cat in heat is outside, she will seek a mate. This could take hours or days. It depends on how long it takes to find an intact male. Once mating has concluded, your cat will lose interest and return home.
Is My Cat Sick or Dying?
Cats like to be alone when sick, which is a survival mechanism. Cats do not want rivals or predators to notice they are unwell as it’s considered a sign of weakness that renders them vulnerable. As cats are territorial and hierarchal, a sick cat risks being usurped by a rival feline.
Look out for signs of ill health in your cat. Do not wait for it to approach you for assistance, as this is unlikely to happen. Check for these signs:
- Loss of appetite
- Limited mobility
- Reluctance to use the litter tray
- Uncharacteristic aggression
- Hissing and whimpering when handled
Your cat may be approaching the end of its life. Cats often retreat and find a quiet place to die. Sadly, in these circumstances, your cat will never return.
How Far Do Cats Roam from Home?
According to Australasian Science, cats can wander up to 30 KM (18 miles) a week. This does not mean that you will need to walk 18 miles to find your cat. The Journal of Wildlife Management claims that most cats remain within 200 meters. How far a cat roams depends on its:
- Prey drive
- Bond with owners
- Desire for territory
- Confidence level
A cat with a high prey drive may wander further. These cats will stalk birds, mice, and other small animals. This creates a form of tunnel vision. The cat will lose track of its surroundings as it’s very prey-focused.
It could be some time before a cat manages to pounce on its prey. By the time this happens, it could be far from home. This can be disorientating, so a cat will need to find a familiar sight or scent before it can return home.
Do Neutered Cats Wander Off?
Spaying and neutering will not impact a cat’s hunting instincts. This means that it may still roam. However, your cat will likely stay closer to home. You can temper its hunting instincts further with play sessions.
A cat that has been spayed or neutered has no desire to mate. This immediately removes one of its reasons to go outside. Fixed cats are also less territorial, so it’s less likely to wander too far.
How to Stop Cats Wandering
Roaming is a natural instinct for almost all cats. So, you may prefer to keep your cat indoors. You can adopt several techniques to make this more palatable for your pet. Aside from spaying or neutering, these include:
- A comfortable home environment
- An established and reliable routine
- Regular play to mimic hunting
Convince your cat that home is the best place. Ensure that it has privacy when needed and attention when requested. Good food and a clean litter tray are also essential.
If you get your cat into a regular schedule, it’ll feel more comfortable. Help your cat understand that it will be fed, petted, and played with at certain times of the day. Most cat toys mimic the experience of hunting in some way. Actively play with your cat twice a day, for 10-15 minutes each time.
These playtimes will sate your cat’s hunting instincts. This will mean that it will be happier to stay home. Hunting games also leave a cat exhausted and less likely to explore outside terrains.