reasons to keep cats indoors
Questions About Cats

Pros and Cons of Keeping Cats Indoors Permanently

Indoor cats vs. outdoor cats is a constant debate for pet owners. Is it cruel to make a feline live inside permanently? Do the risks of letting cats wander outside outweigh the benefits? Every cat owner thinks carefully about these questions.

What are the pros and cons of having an indoor cat? Indoor cats never encounter traffic, and won’t leave dead mice or birds on your kitchen floor. However, they require near-constant stimulation, as they cannot entertain themselves outside. Your indoor cat will also need a strict exercise regime to keep their weight under control.

There are pros and cons to keeping your cat inside permanently. On the one hand, they’re likely to live longer. On the other, they may struggle with blunting certain instincts. Creating a stimulating environment is essential. This guide explains how to ensure your indoor cat is contented.

My Indoor Cat Wants to Go Outside

Sooner or later, every indoor cat will want to experience the outside for the first time. Even cats that have spent their every waking moment inside will want to explore eventually.

When we stop and think, this is not surprising. Try to look at things from your cat’s perspective:

  • You go outside every day, and disappear for hours. Where are you going?
  • You come home from time outside with all kinds of strange smells on your clothing. What are these unique aromas?
  • When sitting in the window, your cat will often see birds. That infuriating pane of glass stops them from hunting them, though.
  • Cats are territorial by nature. Your indoor cat will have claimed everything in the house as theirs. They’ll be keen to expand their empire.
  • If you adopt a cat from a shelter, they had a previous home. Former owners may have allowed your cat to roam. Why are you keeping them inside?
  • Cats love to hunt living prey. It’s in their nature. Hopefully, you don’t have mice in the house. Outside, there are plenty.
  • Cats love to lay in the sunshine. Sure, they can catch rays through the window. That’s not the same as feeling the sun on their skin, though.

If your indoor cat wants to experience the great outdoors, you can make some compromises. It’s possible for a cat to go outside without roaming free all day.

Have you considered taking your cat for a walk on a leash? This is a way of helping your cat get fresh air, while keeping them safe. You can control exactly where your cat goes.

This may not work for your cat, though. Felines are hugely independent animals. The idea of being told where they can and cannot go is not appealing.

Mercola has tips on leash training if you decide this is worth attempting. It’s certainly a great way to get your cat some exercise.

Of course, you could also carry your cat. This means keeping them in your arms, or their carrier. Your cat will feel safe if they’re close to you.

The problem arises when something spooks your pet. A loud noise, or something spotted in their peripheral vision, may inspire a cat to bolt. As cats do not have road sense, this can be dangerous.

Another compromising solution could be to create a designated area in your backyard for your pet. An outdoor enclosure gives your cat a playpen to enjoy.

In theory, this means that your cat can enjoy a safe time outdoors. In reality, there is always the risk that they’ll find a way to escape.

Compromise can be tough on cats. They love and relish routine, and chopping and changing will confuse them.

indoor cats vs. outdoor cats

Advantages of Keeping a Cats Indoors Permanently

There are undeniably several benefits to keeping your cat indoors. The most notable examples of these are as follows:

Indoor Cats are Always in the House

If you have an indoor cat, you always know where they are. This means no sleepless nights wondering why they didn’t come home. This will be a relief, as outdoor cats can sometimes go missing for days.

Eventually, these felines usually stroll back home as though nothing happened. As an owner, you’ll naturally be worried sick.

This doesn’t mean that you’ll always be able to find your cat. Felines are masters at hiding, when the mood takes them. You may want to fix them with a collared bell for safety.

Indoor Cats Cannot Get Run Over

All cat owners live in fear of their beloved pet being struck by a car. Sadly, as cats lack basic road sense, it’s always a risk with outdoor cats.

If your cat stays home, you eradicate this risk. It is that simple. If there is no road to cross, your cat cannot be hit by a car.

It’s not just moving traffic that’s dangerous, either. Some cats doze under stationary cars as the engine keeps them warm. This can end badly.

Cats and vehicles are not a good combination. If you keep your pet inside, they’ll never have to interact with a car or van.

Indoor Cats are Less Likely to Get Sick

Cats carry all kinds of infectious diseases. Even if your pet is vaccinated, they can still suffer from several ailments.

If you limit your cat’s interaction with other animals, you’re minimizing their risk of getting sick. Perhaps more importantly, you’re also reducing their exposure to fleas and ticks.

You should still keep up to date with prevention treatments. These bugs are stubborn, and can find ways of attaching to indoor cats. It’s far less likely than when your pet is roaming free. 

Indoor Cats Will Not Bring Dead Animals Home

Your cat means well when they bring you a bird of mouse carcass. It’s supposed to be a present. How can you explain that you’d prefer something from Tiffany’s?

If your cat lives indoors, they won’t hunt live animals. This, in turn, means they won’t drag the corpses home. This is good for the ecosystem. Cattledog Publishing explains how cats are responsible for a dwindling bird population.

You’ll need to engage your cat’s instincts in other ways. You can do this with toys, however. It’s cleaner, and safer, that hunting wild animals.

Indoor Cats Will Not be Bullied or Attacked by Other Animals

Sure, your cat is a lovable softy. Unfortunately, it’s unlikely that the same can be said for every cat in the neighborhood.

If your cat goes outside, they may be bullied. This usually arises from encroaching on another cat’s marked territory.

Two felines may settle for hissing and growling in the hope of scaring the other away. Sometimes, however, teeth and claws will be applied.

If your cat gets into a fight, they could be seriously injured. Keeping them home eradicates this risk.

my indoor cat wants to go outside

Disadvantages of Keeping a Cats Indoors Permanently

There are compelling reasons to keep your cat home 24/7. Despite this, there remains a school of thought that cats should roam outdoors.

Indoor Cats Need to be Exercised Regularly

Arguably the biggest drawback of any indoor cat is their comparative lack of exercise. The average outdoor cat walks for miles while roaming. Indoor pets are considerably more sedentary.

You’ll have to make up for this lack of exercise with quality, if not quantity. That means making your cat’s playtime a high-intensity cardio workout.

You may be tired after a day at work. Your cat relies on you for their exercise, though. Failing to get them moving for at least 20 minutes a day is failing to meet their needs.

Indoor Cats Need a Very Strict Schedule

Indoor cats will grow reliant on you for their entertainment. This means that your feline can become demanding.

In truth, however, this could be said for any cat. All felines like to feel that they are the center of their owner’s universe. Things have to be on their terms.

If you have an indoor cat, it’s more important than ever to keep them on a strict schedule. If your cat has a routine they can rely upon, they’ll be calm and relaxed.

If they feel that their days are descending into chaos, cats become incredibly anxious and stressed. This must be avoided at all costs.

Indoor Cats Struggle to Escape if They’re Feeling Overwhelmed

Cats can sometimes feel as though it’s all too much for them. They become sensitive to noise, and want some time to themselves.

For an outdoor cat, that’s easy. They slip through the cat flap, find a quiet place, and take a time out. An indoor cat does not have that option.

If you want your cat to stay indoors, ensure they have a safe space. This could be a room, a shelf, or even just a box. Your pet needs to know that they’ll be left alone while they’re in this place.

Most cats choose their own safe space. Watch your pet, and you’ll notice a location that they gravitate to.

Once you understand where this location is, ensure that it remains sacred. Nobody, including children, should disturb the cat until they re-emerge.

Do Indoor Cats Get Depressed?

It’s true that indoor cats sometimes become depressed. So do outdoor cats, though. If your pet has a stimulating environment, staying inside will have no bearing on their happiness.

All kinds of things can leave a cat depressed. These include:

  • Changes to routine, such as moving house or rearranging a home layout.
  • New family members or houseguests, especially if they absorb the attention, the cat feels previously received.
  • Bereavement of a human owner or cat companion.
  • Separation anxiety, due to an owner being away for prolonged periods.
  • Bullying from other pets, whether this is in or out of the home.

Do you notice what is missing from that list? Being kept indoors. Keeping a cat at home does not impact their mental health. It’s what they do in that home that makes a difference.

If you create a happy, welcoming and loving environment, your indoor cat will be perfectly happy. They’ll likely be happier than an outdoor cat. Everything they need is at their disposal.

How to Make Your Cat Happy Indoors

Cats are more than capable of embracing indoor life. You need to ensure that everything they want and need is within the home.

The first thing that you need to focus on is establishing a routine for your cat. Felines live and die by a schedule. If their meals and playtimes are chaotic, cats quickly become stressed.

Get into a routine with your cat that is easy for you to maintain. This could look something like this:

  • Allow your cat to wake you at the same time every morning
  • Spend a few minutes petting and playing with your cat
  • Feed your cat
  • Head to work
  • Return from work
  • Play with your cat for a prolonged period
  • Feed your cat

If you can stick to this schedule daily, your cat will be happy. Cats can tell time, in their way. If you’re going to be late, get somebody else to step in.

how to make your cat happy indoors

A reliable routine is undoubtedly the most important thing to your cat. However, you should also consider the following:

  • Does your cat have enough toys?
  • Can your cat climb to elevated positions?
  • Is your cat able to look out of the window?
  • Does your cat have enough privacy?

Toys are also crucial. The more toys a cat has, the more ways they have to amuse themselves. Ensure that your pet’s toy collection covers all play styles, too.

Some toys should allow your cat a chance to hide. Some should be small enough for them to bat around. Others can be chased. If your pet gets a buzz from catnip, add plenty of that too.

Don’t neglect the importance of interactive toys. Interactive play with their human is the highlight of any cat’s day.

Fishing rods, used to tease your cat, indulge their hunting instincts. This keeps your cat content, as they do not feel unfulfilled.

If your cat is food-focused, you could also hide snacks around the house. Puzzle games, which dispense treats when solved, will also entertain a cat for hours. Just make sure your cat burns off those snacks with exercise!

Another thing that’s very important to cats is views. Grant your cat access to windows in the home. Just make sure that they’re firmly closed, and locked where possible. Cats will pass many contented hours watching the world go by.

Anything high is a winner for cats, too. Felines like to climb, and they gravitate to summits. Fill your home with cat trees, ideally ones that run from floor to ceiling.

One of the reasons that cats like to get high is for privacy. Sometimes, a busy household can get too much for cats. They need to feel they have somewhere to escape to.

This may be the top of your closet. Maybe they’ll climb into your sock drawer. It could just be a cardboard box. Wherever possible, create ‘safe spaces’ for your cat where they won’t be disturbed.

Cat trees typically have scratching posts built into them, too. A good scratch is another way for cats to entertain themselves. You’d rather they used a scratching post than your furniture.

Perhaps most importantly, you should consider having your cat spayed or neutered. If you are not going to breed your cat, this is sound advice anyway.

Also, however, spayed and neutered cats are less territorial. This, in turn, gives them less wanderlust. Unfixed males, in particular, are prone to roaming for males. This temptation is significantly reduced after neutering.

The debate between indoor and outdoor cats will likely rage forever. Every cat is different, and every owner has a different view.

Cats do not need to spend time outdoors. The right home environment is every bit as enriching as an outdoor lifestyle. As discussed, there are also numerous benefits to keeping your cat inside.

Decide for yourself, based on your cat’s preferences and requirements. If your pet struggles with being indoors, you can consider an outdoor lifestyle.

Ask yourself if you have done everything possible to make your home appealing first, though. You may find that something is missing. Once you tick every box, you’ll have a purring feline that’s delighted to stay home.