Letting your cat outside for the first time can be a worrying experience. Your pet will be excited, but you’ll likely be deeply concerned about whether your cat will return home. With the right precautions, letting indoor cats outdoors can be made far less stressful for feline owners.
Check the area to make sure that it’s free of nearby hazards and predators. Stay with your cat for a while in case she gets nervous and needs your reassurance. Keep the first ‘outdoor time’ short. If you let your cat outside just before her usual mealtime, she’ll return home promptly for food.
Your cat will likely be just as apprehensive as you when you first let her out. If she seems reluctant to stay out, don’t force her. Not all cats like the outdoor life. Let’s look at the different precautions that can be taken to keep your cat safe on her first outdoor adventure.
- 1 Should I Be Worried About Letting My Cat Outdoors?
- 2 Letting My Cat Outside for the First Time
- 3 Letting My Cats Outside After Moving House
- 4 What Age Should Kittens be Let Outside?
- 5 Should Senior Cats be Kept Indoors?
Should I Be Worried About Letting My Cat Outdoors?
There are pros and cons to keeping your cat inside all the time. You can make a judgment call based on the unique needs of your cat. There are several things to consider:
- Is there a road nearby?
- Do several other neighborhood cats roam outside?
- Are there wild animals in the area, such as coyotes?
- If your cat gets lost, can she be easily identified?
- Is your cat vaccinated against illnesses and parasites?
The presence of traffic will be the biggest concern, especially if you live on a busy road. If your cat has never seen a car before, she won’t understand the dangers.
Lost Pet Research offers some insights into the statistics surrounding road accidents and cats. According to research, males aged 7 months to 2 years are most likely to be struck by cars.
There are more dangers than just the road, however. Unfriendly, rival felines may not take kindly to your cat entering their territory.
Your pet may end up in conflict with hostile neighborhood cats. However, even friendly felines can be just as dangerous, just in a different way. If your cat is not vaccinated, she may pick up infectious diseases. Equally possible is the sharing of fleas, ticks, and other parasites.
Do you live in an area with snakes? Most snakes are non-venomous and are terrified of cats, but they will seek to defend themselves if confronted. There’s nothing to gain by taking any chances.
Prepare for the worst. Your cat may somehow get away from you. If that happens, can she be identified? A collar that lists your contact details or a microchip is highly recommended.
If you have done so, your cat may be ready for the wider world. You can take her outside for the first time, and see how she reacts to real-world conditions.
Letting My Cat Outside for the First Time
If your cat is going outside for the first time, keep her company. Your cat will likely be nervous at all the sights, sounds, and smells she’s suddenly exposed to.
With this in mind, you may want to consider putting a leash on your cat. This way, you can take her for a walk. Not all cats like leash training, though.
When you’re ready to take your cat out, check the area first. It should be quiet. No children should be playing, no sirens from ambulances or fire trucks, and no garbage trucks.
Another thing to bear in mind is the time of day/night. Cats are most vulnerable outside between dusk and dawn. This is when many predators are active and visibility on the roads is poor.
If your pet has a strict food routine, this makes training easier. Take your cat outside about 10 minutes before her meal so that your cat has the idea of food at the back of their mind.
Hunger will make her happier to come back indoors, even if she’s having fun. However, you could consider feeding your cat outdoors. This will create a positive association for her.
Stay close to your cat, especially if she’s not on a leash. Not too close, though. Your cat needs her independence. Try to relax and be ready to step in, if necessary.
Let her have a good sniff of everything. Felines primarily explore the world through their noses. You may also want to surround your cat with familiar scents. Favored blankets and toys may speed up your pet’s acclimatization.
Give your cat around 10 minutes outside, then take her back inside. You don’t want to expose her to too much, too soon. Feed your cat and carry on your day as usual.
If your cat takes to the outdoors and you’re happy with her roaming, let her do so. If you prefer your cat indoors, there’s nothing wrong with that either.
What ID Should a Cat Have Before I Let Them Out?
It’s imperative that your cat has ID. What if your cat becomes scared and runs away? She’ll be lost and frightened. With ID, you can be reunited with your pet quickly.
The easiest form of ID is a collar and bell with a nametag. This should contain your pet’s name, your name, and telephone number. That way, anybody who finds your cat can contact you directly.
Collars are not always reliable, though. They can fall off, become snagged on a branch, or be illegible. This is why microchipping your cat is advisable.
Microchipping cats is not a legal requirement in any state. But it does make your pet so much safer. It involves painlessly implanting a microchip under your cat’s skin that contains your information.
If your cat gets lost, she may be taken to a vet. Any vet can scan her microchip and call you to let you know that they have your cat. They’ll keep your cat safe until you come to collect her.
It’s more reliable than a collar with a bell, which can fall off. It also means that you will not need to make your details a matter of public record.
It protects your cat from theft. Unthinkable though it may be, outdoor cats can be stolen. With the aid of a microchip, your cat can always be quickly and easily identified.
How Can I Help My Cat Find Their Way Home?
Of course, you’ll hope that your cat never needs to be identified because she’s got lost. Thankfully, felines are believed to have excellent homing instincts.
The first study, published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, found that a mother cat continually returned to her kittens, no matter how far they were separated.
Some experts claim that a cat’s superior sense of smell guides her. Others believe that cats retain information about what is important to them.
This is surprising, but seemingly valid. AnimalWised claims that cats have a short-term memory of around 16 hours. However, if a cat considers something to be necessary, the information is retained.
Of course, the way home is something that any cat would consider vitally important. Cats can even recall food and water sources from the territory that have not visited in years.
All the same, it doesn’t hurt to lend your cat a hand. Take these steps:
- Place some familiar-smelling items outside your home, shielded from the rain. Blankets or used litter are most effective.
- Encourage your cat to mark the outside of your property. Urine spraying, in particular, is a dependable homing beacon.
- Leave a garage or shed door open, just a crack. Some cats prefer to sneak home quietly, rather than announce their presence.
- If looking for your cat, do so between dusk and dawn as this is when she’s most active.
When you let your cat out for the first time, she may not come back immediately. There is a whole world for her to explore, after all.
This also means that your cat ignores you when she hears your voice. Try not to take this personally as she’s just lost in the thrill of the moment.
When calling your cat home, always use a calm, neutral tone. If your cat hears the panic in your voice, she’ll assume there’s a reason for her to be afraid.
Letting My Cats Outside After Moving House
If you have moved house, your cat will need time to adapt to her new home. Many cats become depressed and anxious at this drastic change.
It may be tempting to let a cat outside because this can take their mind off their anxiety. This is a big mistake. After moving, you must keep a cat home for a minimum of four weeks.
Your cat needs to imprint upon her new home and understand that it’s hers. If you let your cat outside too soon, she’ll attempt to return to your old house. That’s what she knows and trusts.
If your pet is used to roaming outdoors, she will struggle with being an indoor cat. Follow these steps to make your cat as comfortable during this testing time:
- Don’t change anything else. Ensure you are using the same cat litter as in your old home.
- Stick to previously established routines surrounding food and play.
- Bring some familiar scents from your old home and scatter them around.
- Set up a room just for your cat. If she has a territory, she’ll bond with a new home faster.
- Provide food, water, scratching posts, and litter boxes in multiple locations. Your cat needs to trust that this new location meets her essential needs.
Don’t just unleash your cat in the backyard. She’ll hop over the fence and make a break for it. If you invest in an outdoor enclosure, your cat can safely experience the outside again.
Ensure that your cat associates the yard with being part of the house. Again, the scent is pivotal. If you apply familiar smells, your cat will become increasingly comfortable.
After around four weeks, your cat should be ready to rejoin the outside world. This is enough time to accept her change in circumstances. Her homing instincts will bring her to the new house, rather than the old house.
All the same, it’s advisable to stay close when you first let your cat outside. Prepare yourself for some sleepless nights. Your cat is likely to spend evenings exploring her new and interesting surroundings.
What Age Should Kittens be Let Outside?
Kittens should not be allowed outside unsupervised until they’re at least six months old. This gives their bodies and brains time to mature. Short, supervised outdoor playtimes are fine.
Observe your kitten the first few times she goes outside. Kittens are playful and mischievous. This may result in them endangering themselves.
Another consideration with kittens is their vaccinations. Kittens should never be allowed outside unless their vaccinations are up-to-date.
Exposure to a virus-carrying neighborhood cat could make a kitten very ill. Even a minor respiratory infection could be deadly to a kitten with an underdeveloped immune system.
It is advisable to spay or neuter a kitten before letting her outside. This will reduce your kitten’s desire to explore a faraway territory.
This, in turn, will keep her safer. If a kitten stays close to home, she’s less likely to get lost. She will also avoid misadventure on the road by remaining local.
Should Senior Cats be Kept Indoors?
As cats get older, they can’t do as many things as their younger selves. This means that they should be kept indoors for longer as they sleep for longer.
One of the main reasons that senior cats should be kept at home is their reflexes. Older cats are not as sharp and reactive, especially if arthritic (weak back legs). This can land them in trouble outside.
Crossing the road, for example, becomes risky. Your cat will not move at speed. Also, if a car surprises her, then she cannot bolt quickly.
Thankfully, most senior outdoor cats have a healthy fear of roads. This is borne of experience. She will have seen cars speeding past many times.
It’s not just cars that older cats need to worry about, though. Hostile neighborhood cats may attack a senior cat. Your aging pet may not be able to fight back convincingly.
In addition to this, older cats struggle more with contagious illnesses. If she spends time outside, consorting with other felines, she could get a virus. As senior cats struggle with vaccinations, this could leave them very sick.
Consider that senior cats also find their mental faculties starting to diminish, perhaps due to feline dementia. If she cannot remember her way home, she will quickly become stressed.
If you are going to let your cat out, remember your mental checklist. Ensure the area is safe, help your cat recognize home, and observe her closely. Watch for your cat’s reaction. If she seems delighted to be out, build up her outdoor time gradually.
If your cat heads for home immediately, you must accept this. The world can be a scary place. No cat should ever be forced to spend time outside if she prefers her home comforts and safety.