Flat-faced cats divide opinion. To some, they are odd-looking but to others they are adorable. Whether you love them or hate them, flat-faced cats are definitely intriguing.
Due to their extreme features, Persian cats are prone to illness. Cats with wide (but not completely flat) faces tend to be healthier because their eyes and nose can still function normally. So, although Persian cats have a “wow factor,” other breeds are easier to care for as pets.
- 1 Why Do Some Cats Have Flat Faces?
- 2 Are Flat-Faced Cats Popular?
- 3 Are Flat-Faced Cats Healthy?
- 4 Are Flat-Faced Cats Hypoallergenic?
- 5 Flat Faced Cat Breeds
- 6 How Much are Flat-Faced Cats?
- 7 What’s the Best Flat-Faced Cat Breed?
Why Do Some Cats Have Flat Faces?
Flat-faced cats have been selectively bred over generations. When Persian cats first came to Europe in the 1600s, they had wide faces and small muzzles. But their faces were not completely flat.
In the 1950s, breeders discovered a Persian cat with a very flat face (a genetic mutation). They began to selectively breed for this characteristic. So, over the years, Persian cats’ faces have become flatter and flatter.
These days, Cat Fanciers’ Associations require Persian cats to have very flat faces. Breeders will continue selecting for this trait because Persian cats with very flat faces are more “show-worthy.”
Other cat types (i.e., Scottish Fold) have also been selectively bred in this way.
Are Flat-Faced Cats Popular?
Grumpy cat raised the profile of flat-faced cats across the world. Her continually grumpy expression was cute, funny, and heartwarming, all at the same time.
Also, many celebrities have been pictured with their flat-faced cats. This has driven up demand for Scottish Fold cats and Exotic breeds.
Very flat-faced Persian cats are popular with cat fanciers because this is a trait judges look for. However, most people seem to prefer cats with milder features.
Cats with round faces, big eyes, and shallow (but not completely flat) faces are the preferred choice. These cats are very cute and have fewer health problems.
Are Flat-Faced Cats Healthy?
Flat-faced cats do have health issues. The flatter the face, the harder it is for the cat to breathe. It is also difficult for tears to drain away effectively. Scottish Fold cats are also prone to arthritis and ear infections.
Many vets’ associations do not approve of extreme breeds. For example, the British Veterinary Association disapproves of Scottish Fold cats.
The US Cat Fanciers’ Association also no longer recognize Munchkin cats. Munchkin cats have very short legs and cannot move around easily. They may also experience pain due to their condition.
Silver Persians (Chinchilla cats) and British Shorthairs are healthier breeds because they do not have extremely flat faces.
Choosing your cat from a reputable, licensed breeder can help to reduce the risks. This is because responsible breeders will test their cats for hereditary diseases. Nevertheless, some health issues are part and parcel of the breed and cannot be controlled for.
Are Flat-Faced Cats Hypoallergenic?
There is no such thing as a hypoallergenic cat. However, some cats may be less likely to cause an allergic reaction than others.
Allergies can be caused by a cat’s dander (dead skin), saliva, urine, or fur.
Shorthaired cats may cause fewer allergic reactions because they shed fewer hairs. Male cats are more likely to cause an allergic reaction than females.
This is due to the hormones in their saliva. If a male cat is neutered, this reduces the amount of hormone in their saliva, so they are less likely to cause an allergic reaction.
With that in mind, female (or male neutered) British Shorthair, Exotic Shorthair, Bombay, and Burmese cats may be the safest options.
Flat Faced Cat Breeds
The name for flat faced cats is brachycephalic. Cats that fall into this category have a broad, short skull. Due to this, they tend to have short muzzles and big eyes.
The “wide-eyed” surprised look is quite common in brachycephalic cats. This is what many people find so endearing about them. So, let’s learn more about these unique breeds.
Persians are probably the most well-known flat faced cat. These cats originated from Persia (modern day Iran) and were first introduced into Europe in the 1600s.
As mentioned, they originally had quite round faces and short muzzles. These characteristics have been exaggerated over the years through selective breeding. Modern-day Persian cats tend to have squashed faces, and big, glassy eyes.
However, some breeders prefer traditional Persian cat characteristics. It is possible to find more traditional looking Persian cats if you visit a few different breeders.
Persians are longhaired cats, so they require a lot of grooming. They can also feel overwhelmed in a noisy environment so they might not get along with young children. Having said that, the Persian cat is very affectionate and enjoys being stroked.
Some Cat Associations classify the Exotic Shorthair as a type of Persian, whereas others see it as a completely different breed.
These cats are very similar to classic Persians, but they don’t require much grooming. Exotics tend to be quite stocky like Persians, but they may be a little smaller. Like Persians, they are calm and collected and enjoy living in a peaceful environment.
Exotic Shorthairs may be slightly more playful than Persians, but don’t expect an overly active cat!
The Himalayan cat is a cross between the Persian and the Siamese.
Because they are half Siamese, Himalayan cats inherit the beautiful Siamese color ‘points.’ This means their ears, tail, and paws (their ‘points’) are tipped with brown, blue, or lilac.
A Himalayan cat is more affectionate than a Persian because they have the neediness of a Siamese. They are not as talkative as a pure Siamese, though.
These cats are longhaired, so they require quite a lot of upkeep. They are also one of the most expensive flat faced cats.
Silver Persian (Chinchilla Cat)
The chinchilla cat is probably the most beautiful flat-faced cat. They emerged when breeders were trying to create a silver Persian.
These cats have white fur tipped with gold or silver specks. They have striking blue or green eyes. Their nose is nowhere near as flat as a Persians, but they do have a short muzzle. Because their face is not entirely flat, they suffer far fewer health problems than traditional Persians.
Silver Persians are longhaired, so they still require a lot of care. Some Cat Associations do not recognize this breed so Silver Persians tend to be kept purely as pets rather than show cats.
Scottish Fold cats have flat faces, big eyes, and very floppy ears. They have become more popular in recent years, especially among celebrities.
According to the BBC, all Scottish Fold cats descend from a Scottish barn cat called Susie whose ears folded forwards.
In 1961, a local man recognized Susie’s uniqueness and started a breeding program. In 1966, he then registered the ‘Scottish Fold’ Breed with the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy.
However, a decade later, the GCCF took this breed off their books, due to the number of health problems these cats were experiencing.
Other Cat Associations still recognize Scottish Fold cats across the world, and they remain quite popular in the US.
The Selkirk Rex has grown in popularity in recent years. This cat has a short muzzle and round face, but the features are not extreme.
These cats are endearing because they talk a lot. The Selkirk Rex is also very low maintenance because their hair is short and curly.
The Selkirk Rex is not as stocky as many other flat-faced breeds. This cat also has plenty of energy. Since it’s advisable for most pedigrees to live indoors, you’d need to give a Selkirk Rex plenty of attention and toys to play with.
British Shorthair & Longhair
The British Shorthair is one of the most popular pedigree cats. This cat is calm, affectionate, and doesn’t need much exercise.
It is easy to fall in love with a British Shorthair’s eyes. Their eyes are big and round and make the cat look constantly surprised. The British Shorthair has a reasonably flat face, but the nose is not squashed.
British Shorthair cats tend to be very big and stocky. They don’t tend to experience as many health problems as the Persian or the Scottish Fold.
British Longhaired cats have a similar face and temperament, but they have extremely long hair. Their tails are very bushy and can be difficult to maintain. Most British Longhaired cats are kept by cat enthusiasts rather than regular pet owners.
The Bombay cat is the most talkative of all cats with flat faces. It’s also probably the most active. Like the Selkirk Rex, this cat is thin and agile rather than big and stocky.
The Bombay cat has black, silky fur. Some people compare call it “the mini panther.” This cat does have a flatter face than regular cats, but it’s nowhere near as flat as a Persians. As such, Bombay cats tend to be healthy cats.
In the 1930s, a cat from Burma was bred with a Siamese from the US. This is how the Burmese breed began. Burmese cats are either solid brown in color, or have Siamese ‘points’ (beige, grey or blue). Most “show-worthy” cats are brown, but some Cat Associations do recognize the Siamese markings.
Their faces are round, and they have very large eyes. Most Burmese have short, stocky legs, but they tend to be a lot smaller than Persian cats.
The nicest thing about Burmese cats is their soft and silky fur. These cats are shorthaired and require very little grooming.
Burmese are friendly, playful, and highly intelligent. They tend to have more energy than most other flat-faced cats. You can even train some Burmese cats to fetch a ball in the same way that a dog would.
Though Burmese cats are active, they tend to have an “off switch.” Most Burmese love to curl up on their owner’s bed at nighttime.
The Burmilla is one of the cutest cats you’ll find. They are smaller and thinner than many other breeds. Like the Persian cat, they have a broad, shallow face and big, beautiful eyes. However, because the Burmilla cat has a strong, defined chin, their face doesn’t look squashed.
The Burmilla is a cross between a Burmese and a Chinchilla cat (Silver Persian). Burmilla cats tend to live long and healthy lives.
The breed dates back around 30 years, but Burmilla cats are still quite rare in the US. Along with Persians and Himalayans, they are one of the most expensive flat-faced cats.
How Much are Flat-Faced Cats?
The cost varies between $400 and $3000+. Also, vets’ bills tend to be higher for pedigree cats.
If you want to buy a flat-faced cat, you should do your research and find a reputable breeder. The Cat Fanciers’ Association offers a breeding referral service.
If you can’t afford a pedigree kitten, you could adopt an older cat instead.
What’s the Best Flat-Faced Cat Breed?
Although brachycephalic cats share similar facial features, they are not all the same.
If you are looking for an active and playful cat, the Selkirk Rex, Exotic Shorthair, Bombay, and Burmese breeds are good options.
If you want a flat-faced cat but you are concerned about the health issues, the British Shorthair, Selkirk Rex, Silver Persian, Bombay or Burmilla cats are good choices.
If you want a small and nimble cat, the Bombay and Burmilla breeds are your best bet. And if cats with big eyes melt your heart, look for a British Shorthair, Burmese or Burmilla.
Longhaired cats make great “show cats,” but they need a lot of grooming. If you can’t commit to daily grooming, opt for a shorthaired cat instead.