Cats spray urine to mark territory and find mates. With this in mind, why a cat would shake its tail but not release urine can be a bit perplexing.
Cats pretend to spray because they haven’t learned how. It’s learned from their mothers or other cats while kittens. If a mother doesn’t teach her kitten how to spray with urine, it’ll phantom spray. This behavior is observed in neutered and non-neutered males and females.
It can be a sign of stress, so you must learn why your cat is phantom spraying. Many explanations relate to cats’ social behaviors.
What Is Fake Spraying in Cats?
Spraying is a common feline behavior. The cat will stand with its back towards a vertical surface, such as a wall or tree trunk. It will then raise its tail, which will appear to quiver or vibrate.
It may stand, appearing to march in place for a while with its front legs moving up and down. It will then spray urine on the vertical surface it’s standing next to. The cat may skip the ‘marking’ stage.
Mammals use urine to mark their territory. As the cat goes about its day, it will occasionally spray to reinforce territorial boundaries.
Other cats will then smell these boundaries and stay away. Scent marking is also useful for finding a mate.
Phantom spraying is where the cat does everything associated with spraying apart from actually urinating.
Why Do Cats Phantom Spray?
The main question is why cats phantom spray rather than releasing their urine. The purpose of spraying is to mark territory and find a mate, so it would seem that phantom spraying serves no real purpose.
Your Cat Sees Other Cats Spraying
Cats learn social behaviors from each other. Kittens in a litter don’t just learn to open their eyes, walk around, and navigate the world. They also learn how to interact and communicate with other cats from their mother.
For example, kittens will learn to groom themselves and each other by watching their mothers do so. They will learn how to play fight and, if possible, how to hunt prey.
According to PLoS One, spraying is normal social behavior. If a kitten sees its mother spraying, the kitten is likely to copy this behavior. The kitten may also copy the behavior of cats that spray outside your home.
As for why the kitten will learn to fake spray rather than spray urine, that remains unclear. Likely, the mother doesn’t spray either.
House Cats May Not Need to Spray
Spraying is a behavior that cats need to do when living in the wild. If a cat can’t mark its own territory, it’ll have nowhere to sleep or hunt that’s safe. It will also make it difficult to find a mate.
This means that cats that phantom spray in the wild may struggle to pass on their genes or even survive. That’s why all species of cats learn to spray. According to Nature, lions do the same thing.
For house cats, spraying isn’t a pressing need. House cats don’t need to hunt for food because their owners provide sustenance. If a cat lives alone, it doesn’t need to mark territory because there are no other feline rivals. Spayed/neutered cats don’t need to find mates, and stud cats are matched with mates by people, not through spraying.
This has allowed cats that only phantom spray to survive and pass on their genes. It also means that if a mother cat doesn’t teach her kittens to spray properly, it doesn’t really matter. The kittens will survive and potentially pass on their genes anyway.
Stress Makes Cats Spray
Anxiety in cats can lead to many unusual behaviors, including spraying. That’s because stress is linked to feelings of insecurity in an environment.
Consider moving home, for example. Cats find moving home stressful because they view their homes as their territories. A cat can smell its own scent throughout its house, which is comforting because it feels secure.
Moving to a new house changes everything that your cat knows. A cat is suddenly thrust into an unfamiliar environment where it no longer feels safe. The house doesn’t have any traces of its scent anymore.
The cat has to rectify that situation, and one way of achieving that goal is by spraying. If the cat doesn’t know how to spray with urine, it will just fake spray when stressed.
Neutered Male Cat Pretending to Spray
Spraying is a common behavior in male cats that haven’t been neutered. That’s because non-neutered male cats are more concerned with finding territory and a mate.
This is dictated by biology. Before the neutering procedure, the cat produces more testosterone. The more testosterone the body produces, the more likely ‘male’ behaviors become in mammals. The majority of the male body’s testosterone in mammals is generated in the testes.
But neutered male cats will still spray, too. If they never learned how to spray with urine, they will choose to phantom spray instead.
While most testosterone is produced in the testes, some is produced in other parts of the body. This low level of testosterone can still trigger spraying behaviors, though. If the behavior became a habit, then the cat may continue fake spraying.
Female Cat Pretending to Spray
Despite spraying being associated with male cats, female cats may also spray. Testosterone isn’t only present in males (and estrogen isn’t only present in females). While males have significantly more testosterone than females, female cats do still have some testosterone.
An excess of testosterone in females of any species can lead to behaviors associated with males. So, if your female cat pretends to spray all the time, it may have an excess of testosterone.
A female cat may also have learned the habit of spraying from watching other cats. As discussed, cats learn social behaviors from their parents and other cats when they are young.
Besides, spraying and marking territory is important to female cats. Females also need territory to live safely and to hunt in the wild. Spraying in female cats is more common when the cat is in heat, so spraying helps with finding a mate, just as it does in male cats.
Why Does My Cat Pretend to Spray on Me?
It is rare for a cat to spray on another cat or person. Cats will spray at nose level on a vertical surface of some kind.
This allows other cats to find the spray and sniff it easily, which is its purpose. Spraying on another cat or a person doesn’t seem to fulfill this purpose, so why do cats do it?
You Are a Vertical Surface
You are much taller than your cat. So, your height may trigger a cat’s instinctual spraying reflex.
Cats will spray on tall things like trees, lamp posts, and walls. They do so without thinking about the surface because it’s inconsequential. All that matters is that it can spray at nose height where other cats can smell it.
Cats Spray on Other Cats When Fighting
In rare circumstances, a cat may spray on another cat when the pair are fighting. The purpose of this behavior is to display dominance. It’s almost as if the cat is marking the other cat as its own territory.
This behavior is not atypical, but it is unusual. Your cat is unlikely to do this to your leg unless you make it feel very stressed or uncomfortable or unless you are fighting. It’s an unlikely behavior, but it can happen.